A common source of student confusion on the GRE is the sequencing of mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It is known by various names, including BODMAS, DMAS, and PEMDAS, among others.

by Talha Omer, an expert in mathematical concepts who has degrees from Harvard and Cornell, MBA and M.Eng.

A few phrases often used in mathematics:

The symbol for addition or amount is a plus sign.

The symbol represents difference or subtraction.

The symbol for product or multiplication is either or.

The logo for a division is either or /.

The signs for brackets and parentheses are [] and ().

Take caution not to mix the symbols for “absolute value bars” with the parenthesis or brackets. Because they are not the same symbols, various criteria must be used in order to evaluate them. Absolute value bars will be covered in the next section.

When we talk about “operations” in mathematics, we’re referring to adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and other related concepts. You can also Visit Their Website to solve the percentage Queries quickly.

However, if you come across anything like…

7 × 9 + (2 × 52 – 3 ÷ 6 × 14)

**Which component of the total should you compute first?**

So, a very long time ago, humans came to an agreement that they would observe certain rules while making computations, and they are as follows:

First, finish the items in the parentheses.

4 × (5 + 3) = 4 × 8 = 32 (right) (right)

4 × (5 + 3) = 20 + 3 = 23 (wrong) (wrong)

Before multiplying, dividing, adding, or subtracting, always use the appropriate exponents, powers, or roots.

5 × 22 = 5 × 4 = 20 (right) (right)

5 × 22 = 102 = 100 (wrong) (wrong)

Before adding or subtracting, you must first multiply or divide the numbers.

2 + 5 × 3 = 2 + 15 = 17 (right) (right)

2 + 5 × 3 = 7 × 3 = 21 (wrong) (wrong)

How Can I Possibly Remember Everything…? PEMDAS!

Parentheses come first here.

E Exponents

MD

Both multiplication and division are included (they both have the same rank and if they come together, then solve from left to right)

30 ÷ 5 × 3 = 6 × 3 = 18 (right) (right)

30 ÷ 5 × 3 = 30 ÷ 15 = 2 (wrong) (wrong)

**Addition and Subtraction AS Standard**

In the United Kingdom, this operation is referred to as BODMAS (Brackets, Orders, Divide, Multiply, Add, and Subtract), but in Canada, it is referred to as BEDMAS (Brackets, Exponents, Divide, Multiply, Add, Subtract). It is also known as the DMAS acronym (Divide, Multiply, Add, Subtract). It’s all referring to the same concept!

Just keep in mind that despite the fact that division appears after multiplication in this abbreviation, the two operations have the same rank. According to the information provided by PEMDAS, “Multiplication and Division” must be completed in advance of “Addition and Subtraction.”

Take, for example:

35 ÷ 5 + 2 × 6 is equivalent to

(35 ÷ 5) + (2 × 6) = 19

and distinct from the

35 ÷ (5 + 2) × 6 = 35 ÷ 7 × 6

While you have many operations that have the same rank, such as multiplication and division, you simply go from left to right when performing the operations. Take, for example:

35 ÷ 7 × 6

is not

35 ÷ (7 × 6) = 35 ÷ 42,

thus, rather than

(35 ÷ 7) × 6 = 5 × 6 = 30,

because if you go from left to right, the division symbol is the first thing you come to.

Let’s look at the previous case that we spoke about:

35 ÷ 7 × 6 = 30

We solved this issue by going from left to right, which is the order in which the elements occur in the problem. First, we got 5 by dividing 35 by 7, which gave us that result. After that, we got the number 30 by multiplying 5 by 6.